Does Anal Sex Lead To Anal Cancer? 3 Facts And Myths For Sexual Partners
If you have anal cancer or are close to someone who does, knowing what to expect can help you cope. Here you can find out all about anal cancer, including risk. Learning the myths and facts behind the connection between anal sex and anal cancer can help sexual partners to lower their risk. Having unprotected anal sex is associated with an increased risk for anal cancer. That's because HPV infection is not only associated with cervical cancer.
HPV can also cause cancer in the back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils called oropharyngeal cancer. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content. And because anal sex is generally more damaging to the inner lining of the rectrum than the stereotypical notion of heterosexual sex is to the vagina, HPV and other sexually transmitted infections are more easily spread between people who engage in anal sex. Currently, there is no way to know who will have only a temporary HPV infection, and who will develop cancer after getting HPV. It is not known why some people develop health problems from HPV and others do not. Not only has society steadily become more accepting of sexual relationships between men, but more heterosexual people are trying it and trying it more often than ever before. All of these cancers are caused by HPV infections that did not go away.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Print Version Commercial Print Version. HPV is a very common virus that can be spread from one person to another person through anal, vaginal, or oral sex, or through other close skin-to-skin touching during sexual activity.
This disease is spread easily during anal or vaginal sex, and it can also be spread through oral sex or other close skin-to-skin touching during sex. HPV can be spread even when an infected person has no visible signs or symptoms. However, if an infection does not go away, it is possible to develop HPV symptoms months or years after getting infected. This makes it hard to know exactly when you became infected.
Lasting HPV infection can cause genital warts or certain kinds of cancer. It is not known why some people develop health problems from HPV and others do not.
Most men who get HPV never develop symptoms and the infection usually goes away completely by itself. However, if HPV does not go away, it can cause genital warts or certain kinds of cancer. See your healthcare provider if you have questions about anything new or unusual such as warts, or unusual growths, lumps, or sores on your penis, scrotum, anus, mouth, or throat. Genital warts usually appear as a small bump or group of bumps in the genital area around the penis or the anus. These warts might be small or large, raised or flat, or shaped like a cauliflower.
The warts may go away, or stay the same, or grow in size or number. Usually, a healthcare provider can diagnose genital warts simply by looking at them. Genital warts can come back, even after treatment. The types of HPV that cause warts do not cause cancer. These include cervical cancer in women, penile cancer in men, and anal cancer in both women and men. HPV can also cause cancer in the back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils called oropharyngeal cancer.
All of these cancers are caused by HPV infections that did not go away. Cancer develops very slowly and may not be diagnosed until years, or even decades, after a person first gets infected with HPV.
Currently, there is no way to know who will have only a temporary HPV infection, and who will develop cancer after getting HPV. However, some healthcare providers do offer anal Pap tests to men who may be at increased risk for anal cancer, including men with HIV or men who receive anal sex.
If you have symptoms and are concerned about cancer, please see a healthcare provider. Genital warts can be treated by your healthcare provider, or with prescription medication. HPV-related cancers are more treatable when diagnosed and treated promptly.
For more information, visit www. Even if you are healthy, you and your sex partner s may also want to get checked by a healthcare provider for other STIs. If you or your partner have genital warts, you should avoid having sex until the warts are gone or removed. However, it is not known how long a person is able to spread HPV after warts are gone.
HPV infections are usually temporary. A person may have had HPV for many years before it causes health problems. HPV is not necessarily a sign that one of you is having sex outside of your relationship. It is important that sex partners discuss their sexual health and risk for all STIs, with each other. Box Rockville, MD E-mail: Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content. Enter Email Address What's this?
Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir. Getting vaccinated against HPV can help prevent these health problems. December 28, Page last updated: July 14, Content source: